The Thunderbird is a large size sports car from Ford . The vehicle was launched in October 1954, in addition to the classic two-seater, convertible roadster versions, hardtop, four doors and sedans were manufactured. Altogether, 4.2 million units were produced. Model 1956, black with white and black interior, the convertible will have to be sold for some amount between US $ 300 thousand and US $ 500 thousand, according to the estimate of the house of Julien's auction. The Thunderbird was a response from Ford in 1954 to the Chevrolet Corvette, released in 1953. Both were on a step above Camaro and Mustang. The Marilyn model is equipped with a 225 hp V8 engine and three-speed automatic transmission. Also comes with the Continental kit, which consists of the steppe mounted on the rear bumper Legendary Thunderbird car from the fifties and sixties. Among your admirers you can find truly iconic figures. For example, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, who included 50 new cars of this brand in his inaugural cavalcade. Movie star Marilyn Monroe possesses a delicate pink Thunderbird. Translated from English Thunderbird "Thunderbird".Roots in American Indian mythology. This bird was a totem of some tribes and at the same time a popular character. The wonderful bird was considered the messenger of the gods, ruled the sky and helped people preserve the harvest.
Traditionally, it is represented with a sharp curved beak, a tuft on the head and wings extended at the sides. Since the debut of February 20, 1954, and until now, all Ford Thunderbird cars have been decorated with one or another version of the Indian totem. It was EldenGiberson, a young employee of a promising design studio, who called this model the company's sports model, and designer William Barnett embodies the idea in metal nissan frontier truck covers.
The appearance of the Thunderbird is a type of response from Ford to the launch of the Chevrolet Corvette model of General Motors. And it is worth recognizing that the answer is good, because in the first 10 days of sales only 3,500 requests were received from those who wanted to buy a car. Thunderbird was sold only with an open body, but it was equipped with a hard plastic cap easily removable. In the role of the driving force was the volume of the V8 engine of 4.79 l / 198 hp, whose power with the compressor reached 300 hp.
The 1957 two-seat Thunderbird is replaced by a less sporty model: a larger, more refined and already four-seater Square Bird. From a commercial point of view, the four-seater version was more successful than the double version. He was in the transporter for three years, and the demand for it was much greater. The models of the years 1958-1960 were offered in two versions: open and closed. There were no particular differences between the models of different years: only the number and configuration of the side layers, the location of the name, the shape of the cutout of the air inlet in the front bumper and the number of taillights changed.
Another model change occurred in 1960. Now Thunderbird was equipped with a 6.3-liter engine that produced 300 hp. The 1967-1969 model was an amateur car. The engine of seven liters of power reached 345 CV. In 1974, the following "Thunderbird" appeared: Big Bird with a new grille design, bumper with collars and a less powerful engine. But he worked with unleaded gasoline, and his exhaust was purified by a catalyst. In 1983, the Ford Thunderbird Coupe appears with an aerodynamic body, the work of Jack Thelnack. Modification Turbo Coupe equipped with a 4-cylinder engine with a turbocharger of 140 hp.
ACCELERATION , POWER AND ENGINE
Acceleration from zero to 100 km / h - 9.6 seconds. In addition, the story was developed in such a way that from an elegant two-seater sports car Ford Thunderbird became an ordinary four-seater from the 90s, and its original concept was completely lost. In 1997, due to a catastrophic fall in demand, the latest version of Thunderbird was suspended. It was equipped with a V8 power of 205 HP. or a 6-cylinder engine with a 230 hp turbocharger. But the model's history is not over. After 45 years, the style of this car was repeated, interpreted according to the spirit of our time and in full conformity with the achievements of the most advanced technologies, as well as with modern fashion. The stylistic reconstruction was carried out with such care that the badges were not forgotten, such as a company registration, round headlights, metal covers, a rounded hood, characteristic fog lights, taillights and, finally, a Thunderbird brand label. with a turquoise insert. At the same time, of course, the modern Thunderbird is still different. There is no posterior carina and huge chromed bumpers on his body, and everything else is preserved, but as if he were younger. In 1999, a new generation of Thunderbird debuted at an auto show in Detroit. Its mass production began in 2001 at a plant in Michigan. The stylized Roadster model with double success of 1961: an oval grille, bumper shape, wheel arches and large, round taillights take the viewer into the past. But the technical solutions, the new Thunderbird is looking to the future.
Despite its fascinating forms and apparent individuality, Thunderbird took over the architecture of Lincoln LS. For example, the car is built on a new DEW rear-wheel drive platform, in which the Lincoln LS and the Jaguar S-Type are designed. Salon Thunderbird 2002 repeats exactly the interior of Lincoln LS. The aerodynamic central dashboard design is very well thought out. The devices are located so that the driver can see them perfectly, and the audio system and the climate control system are arranged in such a way that they are very easy to use.
Although the exterior of the car is made in a retro style, its interior is of different modern design. The upholstery, the steering wheel and the adjustment of the gear lever can be made in one of 3 colors: Inspiration Yellow, Torch Red or Thunderbird Blue. According to the components and main parts, the Thunderbird is unified with Jaguar S independent front and rear tire struts, which contain light alloy elements, and are mounted on secondary frames. Both cars use rack and pinion steering, disc brakes on all wheels with ABS and traction control, which is optional. The interior of the car has amenities such as a dual-zone climate control system, a driver's seat with a sophisticated adjustment system and a roll under the lower back, a telescopic steering column. Thanks to the long wheelbase, the legroom is quite large and represents a little more than one meter. A soft and foldable black roof is standard on the Thunderbird; however, if you wish, the buyer can obtain a car with a removable rigid cover. In addition, the roof can be made in the same colors as the car's own body.
SPEED AND ACCELERATION
at 6100 rpm, equipped with Ford-EEC-V electronic fuel injection system. It is added only with a 5-speed automatic transmission. The maximum speed of Thunderbird is artificially limited to 130 miles per hour. The rich standard equipment includes: 4 airbags, 4 spokes, leather-wrapped, steering wheel with speed control and speed control, a first-class audio system with a 6-disc CD changer, automatic windshield wipers and a patented anti-theft system SecuriLock .
Photo Ford Thunderbird
As a result, the list of additional equipment is small: chrome wheels instead of painted, removable top, traction control system and a stylish interior design package. Thunderbird, one of Ford's most famous models, in 2004, celebrates its 50th anniversary. In honor of this event, Ford launches a special series, which will be called: 50th anniversary. During 50 years of production, models with a sedan, a coupe and a convertible, which have spread around the world in quantities of approximately 1.2 million, have seen the light. Thunderbird starred in movies, participated in races and is now present in American postage stamps. In the year 2000, a special series of 200 car parts of the 2002 model year was launched for sale only through the Christmas catalog of the Neiman Marcus Christmas Book. This catalog presents readers with elite samples, which are sold only in advance orders. They differ from the serial samples in the elegant finish and in a series of design decisions. In the spring of 2003, Ford sold 700 copies of the limited series "007" in memory of the automobile's participation in the James Bond movies. And another series for the amount of 1,500 roadster Pacific Coast Roadster Thunderbird was sold in 2004.
Photo Ford Thunderbird
Today, Ford plans to reduce production of the elegant Ford Thunderbird retro car as early as 2005 or 2006 models. Representatives of the company explain this decision to the low popularity of this model among customers. Meanwhile, the representatives of Ford do not exclude the possibility that, after some time, a completely new car appears with the name of Ford Thunderbird, which, like its predecessor, will be produced in limited editions. The first prototype of the Thunderbird was presented at the Detroit Motor Show in 1954 in response to the Chevrolet Corvette. Its first generation, launched in October of the same year and produced until 1997, sold more than 4.2 million units. In all, Ford has produced 12 generations of "T-Birds", including the 2002 and 2005 re-releases. Classified as a luxury personal car, the Ford Thunderbird emphasized both driver comfort and convenience as well as performance, creating a whole new niche in the American automotive market. With a 225 hp V8 engine and top speed of 180 km / h, it was a powerful engine at the time. The equally powerful snoring was accentuated by the dual exhaust system. It also had Ford-O-Matic automatic transmission, power steering, power windows and seats and white lane tires. The luxurious black and white interior was complemented by convertible canvas top and removable hard top with look-out windows (a novelty in the 1956 model).